How to Delete Files and Folders on Windows Computer using CMD

Fojap - Deleting unnecessary files and folders is a crucial step in maintaining storage space on your Windows computer. While users typically rely on the graphical interface to perform this task, using the Command Prompt (CMD) can also be an effective option. This article will provide a step-by-step guide on how to delete files and folders using CMD in the Windows operating system.

How to Delete Files and Folders on Windows Computer using CMD

Reasons for Deleting Files and Folders with CMD

Deleting files and folders you don't need is essential for maintaining organization and storage efficiency on your computer. There are several compelling reasons why deleting files and folders using the Command Prompt (CMD) might be a better choice in certain situations. Here are some reasons why you might want to delete files and folders with CMD:

Efficiency in Bulk Deletion

Firstly, when you have many files or folders that need to be deleted at once, using CMD can be more efficient. You can create a simple script that deletes all files with a specific name pattern or from the same location. This allows you to delete multiple files with just a few command lines.

Access Without Graphical Interface

There are situations where the graphical interface may not function, such as when the system encounters issues or in emergency recovery scenarios. In such cases, you can still delete files and folders using CMD because the Command Prompt does not rely on the graphical interface.

Greater Control

Furthermore, CMD provides you with greater control over the actions you take. You can delete files or folders with precise commands, and these actions will not go to the Recycle Bin. This is useful when you want to perform permanent deletion without having to visit the Recycle Bin first.


You can use CMD to create scripts or batch files that automate deletion tasks. This is particularly useful if you need to periodically clean certain folders, free up storage space, or run other routine tasks.


In some cases, using CMD can provide an additional layer of security. Deleting files or folders through the graphical interface may leave temporary traces on the system, while CMD can help delete data more deeply and leave fewer traces.

Learning and Technical Skills

Using CMD to delete files and folders can be an opportunity to deepen your understanding of the operating system. It can also help improve your technical skills in managing and controlling computers.

How to Delete Files and Folders on Windows Computer using CMD

Deleting files and folders with Command Prompt (CMD) has several important advantages, especially in terms of efficiency, control, and automation. However, it's important to remember that this deletion is permanent and should be done carefully. Make sure you understand the commands you will use and have backups of important data before deletion. With the right understanding, you can leverage the advantages of CMD in efficiently and effectively managing your computer storage.

Here are the steps for deleting files and folders on a Windows computer or laptop using CMD:

Step 1: Opening Command Prompt

First, please open the Start menu by clicking the Windows icon in the bottom left corner of the screen. Then type cmd or Command Prompt in the search box. Next, click on the Command Prompt application that appears by selecting Run as administrator.

Step 2: Navigating to the File or Folder Location

After Command Prompt opens, you need to navigate to the directory where the file or folder you want to delete is located. Use the cd (change directory) command followed by the full path of the directory. For example, if the file or folder is on the Desktop, type:

cd C:\Users\YourName\Desktop

Step 3: Deleting Files Using CMD

Next, after being in the correct directory, type the following command to delete a file:

del FileName.ext

Please replace FileName.ext with the name of the file you want to delete and its extension. Then press Enter to execute the command. The file will be permanently deleted.

Step 4: Deleting Folders Using CMD

To delete a folder, use the command:

rmdir /s /q FolderName

Please replace FolderName with the name of the folder you want to delete. The /s parameter will delete all subfolders and files within it, while /q will execute the command without confirmation.

Important Note

  • Use these commands carefully, as deletion using CMD is permanent and will not go to the Recycle Bin.
  • Make sure you have sufficient access permissions to delete the file or folder.
  • These commands should be executed carefully, especially when deleting folders, to avoid losing important data.


Deleting files and folders you no longer need is an effective way to free up storage space on your Windows computer. Although the graphical interface is often used, using the Command Prompt is also a useful option, especially for users more familiar with text-based environments. By following this guide, you'll be able to easily delete files and folders using CMD in your Windows operating system. Remember to be cautious and meticulous when using these commands, and be sure to have backups of important data before deletion.

Also read: How to Fix Unknown Not Initialized HDD in Windows

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